Before surgery, your child's healthcare provider will carefully explain the procedure and its risks. You will be asked to sign an informed consent form. It states in detail that you understand the risks and benefits of your child's surgery.
One or both parents usually sign for a minor child. But if the child is living with a legal guardian, the legal guardian can sign. First, legal guardians will be asked to show proof that this legal relationship exists.
Parental (or legal guardian) consent is needed for any tests or procedures on a person under the age of 18. Because teens are able to contribute to informed decisions about their health and the treatment they will get, included in discussions about surgery. Although not legally needed, some older teens also like to sign the consent form for surgery with their parents.
An emancipated minor is a minor who has become a legal adult. An emancipated minor may consent to his or her own medical care.