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Protect Yourself From Opioid Overuse

Everyone seems to be talking about opioids lately. The news is alarming: Americans die every day from overdoses involving prescription opioids.

It’s an issue for people of all ages and backgrounds. Anyone who takes too much of an opioid is at risk. If your doctor prescribes an opioid pain medicine, here’s how to avoid a tragic mistake.

Ask About Alternatives

Prescription opioids are used to treat moderate to severe pain. They may be taken after an injury or surgery, or for a health condition such as cancer. Examples include:

  • Hydrocodone (such as Vicodin)

  • Morphine

  • Oxycodone

  • Opioids can cause side effects, such as constipation, nausea, sleepiness, and confusion. In addition, overuse of opioids could potentially lead to addiction or overdose.

If your doctor prescribes an opioid, talk about the risks and benefits. Ask if there are any alternatives for treating your pain. Options may include other medicines, physical therapy, or exercise. In some cases, these options work better than opioids with less risk.

Avoid Taking Too Much

If you do take an opioid, follow these safety tips:

  • Use your medicine exactly as directed. Never take it in larger amounts or more often than prescribed.

  • Tell your doctor about any other medicines you’re taking. Don’t forget over-the-counter and herbal products. It can be dangerous to mix opioids with certain drugs, particularly ones that cause drowsiness.

  • Have one doctor oversee your opioid treatment. When multiple doctors are writing your prescriptions, the risk of an overdose rises.

  • Fill all your prescriptions at one pharmacy, if possible. Your pharmacist can help watch for risky drug interactions.

Americans end up in emergency rooms every day due to misuse of prescription opioids. Don’t become one of them. A few small steps can have a big impact on your safety.




Online Medical Reviewer: Godsey, Cynthia, MSN, APRN, MSHE, FNP-BC
Online Medical Reviewer: Pierce-Smith, Daphne, RN, MSN, CCRC
Date Last Reviewed: 2/1/2019
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