BUPRENORPHINE (byoo pre NOR feen) is used to treat certain types of drug dependence.
The implants will be inserted under the skin in your upper arm by a specially trained physician in a hospital or clinic setting. Follow your doctor's instructions for care of the area where the implants were inserted. Apply an ice pack to your arm for 40 minutes every 2 hours for the first 24 hours after insertion of the implants and as needed. Removal of the implants will also be done in a hospital or clinic setting by a specially trained physician. Do not try to remove the implants yourself. This could lead to infection or you could experience withdrawal symptoms. Your doctor will decide how long the implants will stay in your arm.
Your healthcare provider will give you a Patient Identification Card to carry with you. Keep track of the date the implants are to be removed. Schedule an appointment with your healthcare provider to remove the implants on or before the removal date.
A special MedGuide will be given to you by your healthcare provider each time this medicine is inserted into your arm. Be sure to read this information carefully each time.
Talk to your pediatrician regarding the use of this medicine in children. While this drug may be prescribed for children as young as 16 years for selected conditions, precautions do apply.
Side effects that you should report to your doctor or health care professional as soon as possible:
allergic reactions like skin rash, itching or hives, swelling of the face, lips, or tongue
bleeding or symptoms of infection at the implant site, such as excess or worsening itching, pain, irritation, redness, or swelling
numbness or weakness in your arm after the implant is inserted or removed
signs and symptoms of a dangerous change in heartbeat or heart rhythm like chest pain; dizziness; fast or irregular heartbeat; palpitations; feeling faint or lightheaded, falls; breathing problems
signs and symptoms of liver injury like dark yellow or brown urine; general ill feeling or flu-like symptoms; light-colored stools; loss of appetite; nausea; right upper belly pain; unusually weak or tired; yellow of the eyes or skin
signs and symptoms of low blood pressure like dizziness; feeling faint or lightheaded, falls; unusually weak or tired
trouble passing urine or change in the amount of urine
Side effects that usually do not require medical attention (report to your doctor or health care professional if they continue or are bothersome):
Do not take this medication with any of the following medicines:
certain medicines for fungal infections like ketoconazole and itraconazole
This medicine may interact with the following medications:
antihistamines for allergy, cough and cold
antiviral medicines for HIV or AIDS
certain antibiotics like clarithromycin, erythromycin, linezold, rifampin
certain medicines for anxiety or sleep
certain medicines for bladder problems like oxybutynin, tolterodine
certain medicines for depression like amitriptyline, fluoxetine, sertraline
certain medicines for migraine headache like almotriptan, eletriptan, frovatriptan, naratriptan, rizatriptan, sumatriptan, zolmitriptan
certain medicines for nausea or vomiting like dolasetron, ondansetron, palonosetron
certain medicines for Parkinson's disease like benztropine, trihexyphenidyl
certain medicines for seizures like phenobarbital, primidone
certain medicines for stomach problems like cimetidine, dicyclomine, hyoscyamine
certain medicines for travel sickness like scopolamine
general anesthetics like halothane, isoflurane, methoxyflurane, propofol
local anesthetics like lidocaine, pramoxine, tetracaine
MAOIs like Carbex, Eldepryl, Marplan, Nardil, and Parnate
medicines that relax muscles for surgery
other medicines that prolong the QT interval (cause an abnormal heart rhythm)
other narcotic medicines for pain or cough
phenothiazines like chlorpromazine, mesoridazine, prochlorperazine, thioridazine
This does not apply.
This medicine is inserted in a hospital or clinic and will not be stored at home.
They need to know if you have any of these conditions:
adrenal gland problem
history of alcoholism
history of keloid formation or connective tissue disease (such as scleroderma)
history of skin infections, conditions, or sensitivities
lung or breathing disease, like asthma
an unusual or allergic reaction to buprenorphine, morphine, codeine, other medicines, antiseptics, anesthetics, ethylene vinyl acetate, foods, dyes, or preservatives
pregnant or trying to get pregnant
Tell your doctor or healthcare professional if your symptoms do not start to get better or if they get worse.
Do not stop taking except on your doctor's advice. You may develop a severe reaction. Your doctor will tell you how much medicine to take.
If you are also taking a narcotic medicine for pain or cough or another medicine that also causes drowsiness, you may have more side effects. Give your health care provider a list of all medicines you use. Your doctor will tell you how much medicine to take. Do not take more medicine than directed. Call emergency for help if you have problems breathing or unusual sleepiness.
You may get drowsy or dizzy. Do not drive, use machinery, or do anything that needs mental alertness until you know how this medicine affects you. Do not stand or sit up quickly, especially if you are an older patient. This reduces the risk of dizzy or fainting spells. Alcohol may interfere with the effect of this medicine. Avoid alcoholic drinks.
Wear a medical ID bracelet or chain, and carry a card that describes your disease and details of your medicine and dosage regimens.
This medicine may cause constipation. Try to have a bowel movement at least every 2 to 3 days. If you do not have a bowel movement for 3 days, call your doctor or health care professional.
Your mouth may get dry. Chewing sugarless gum or sucking hard candy, and drinking plenty of water may help. Contact your doctor if the problem does not go away or is severe.
The implants may be difficult to locate if they are inserted too deeply, if you move them, or if you gain a lot of weight after they are inserted. Special tests or procedures may be needed in these instances to locate the implants for removal.
If an implant sticks out or comes out of your skin, wash your hands if you touch the implant. Cover the area where the implant was inserted with a clean bandage. Put the implant in a plastic bag and in a safe place out of reach of children and theft. Do not let others touch or use the implant. If a child puts an implant in his/her mouth, get emergency help right away. Return the implant to your healthcare provider as soon as possible. Never give your medicine to others, because it may cause serious harm, including death. Selling or giving away your medicine is against the law.
If the implants come out of your arm or if you stop treatment, you can have symptoms of opiate withdrawal including: shaking, sweating more than normal, feeling hot or cold more than normal, runny nose, watery eyes, goose bumps, diarrhea, vomiting, and muscle aches. Tell your healthcare provider if you develop any of these symptoms.
In an emergency, have a family member or friend tell the emergency room staff that you are physically dependent on an opiate and are being treated with an opiate implant.