Known Risks Don't Explain Blacks' Higher Rates of Sudden Cardiac Death
WEDNESDAY, Dec. 19, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- A sizable study still can't explain why black Americans are much more likely than whites to suffer sudden cardiac death.
"At the end of the day, we just don't have a full understanding of why patients who are black are more likely to succumb to [sudden cardiac death] -- a clear problem and knowledge gap on many levels," said study lead author Dr. Rajat Deo. He's an associate professor of cardiovascular medicine at the University of Pennsylvania.
The researchers examined data on more than 9,400 blacks and more than 13,000 whites. All were older than 45 with no history of heart disease.
During an average follow-up of six years, there were nearly twice as many sudden cardiac deaths among the black adults.
"While greater public health efforts to identify and decrease health risks in black populations will be a critical step in reducing their higher risk of [sudden cardiac death], our data suggest that it may not eliminate racial disparities entirely," Deo said in a university news release.
He and the research team accounted for risk factors such as income, education, smoking, exercise, and bad cholesterol (LDL) levels. They said blacks still had a significantly higher risk for sudden cardiac death.
"Our research demonstrates other factors, perhaps genetic, are at play, and we need more exploration to better understand this disparity," Deo added.
More than 350,000 out-of-hospital sudden cardiac deaths occur in the United States each year. Unlike a heart attack, there are usually no warning signs. It strikes unexpectedly and is most common among people with no history of heart disease.
"For many in the black community, their first clinical presentation of any cardiovascular issue is a sudden cardiac death event," Deo said. "Of course, we don't know whether they have ignored symptoms such as chest pain and opted not to seek medical attention, or if this truly is the first indication of cardiovascular disease, perhaps due to a genetic predisposition. Either way, the data are staggering."
The study results were published online recently in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology.
The Heart Rhythm Society has more on sudden cardiac arrest.
SOURCE: University of Pennsylvania, news release, November 2018