A bone spur is a small, abnormal bone growth. Bone spurs are also known as osteophytes. Spurs are not painful. But they can cause pain if they rub on a nerve or other tissue.
Bone spurs may happen because of osteoarthritis. Or a ligament or tendon may pull too hard and cause excess bone to grow. Bone spurs may also occur when the body tries to heal itself after an injury.
Bone spurs can form on any bone. But they most often happen on joints where 2 bones come together, or where ligaments or tendons attach to bones. They tend to occur more often in these areas:
Older adults are more likely to have to bone spurs. Spurs can also happen in young athletes or dancers. This is because of the added stress on their muscles, ligaments, and tendons. Pain may happen while the spur is forming. But the pain may lessen or go away. In some cases, pain may continue. It can get in the way of physical activity.
See your healthcare provider if:
You find an abnormal growth.
You have pain associated with the growth.
You have pain or weakness in a joint.
You have a hard time walking because of pain in your knees or heel.
Your healthcare provider may prescribe rest, anti-inflammatory medicines, or physical therapy. These treatments often work well to treat the symptoms of a bone spur.
In rare cases, surgery may be advised. You may need it if the spur and inflammation are:
Preventing you from walking or normal movement
Not getting better with other kinds of treatment