SARGRAMOSTIM, GM-CSF (sar GRAM oh stim) is a granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor that stimulates the growth of certain blood cells including neutrophils, a type of white blood cell (WBC) important in the body's fight against infection. It is used to help increase WBC production after bone marrow transplantation (BMT), after BMT failure or engraftment delay, before and after stem-cell transplant, and after induction chemotherapy in older patients with acute myelogenous leukemia and to improve survival outcomes following high-dose radiation exposure that is toxic to the bone marrow.
This medicine is for injection under the skin or into a vein. It is usually given by a health care professional in a hospital or clinic setting. If you get this medicine at home, you will be taught how to prepare and give this medicine. Refer to the patient Instructions for Use for detailed instructions. Use exactly as directed. Take your medicine at regular intervals. Do not take your medicine more often than directed. It is important that you put your used needles and syringes in a special sharps container. Do not put them in a trash can. If you do not have a sharps container, call your pharmacist or healthcare provider to get one.
Talk to your pediatrician regarding the use of this medicine in children. While this drug may be prescribed for children as young as 2 years of age for selected conditions, precautions do apply.
Side effects that you should report to your doctor or health care professional as soon as possible:
allergic reactions like skin rash, itching or hives, swelling of the face, lips, or tongue
fast, irregular heartbeat
feeling faint or lightheaded, falls
sudden weight gain
swelling of the legs, ankles, feet, or hands
Side effects that usually do not require medical attention (report to your doctor or health care professional if they continue or are bothersome):
pain, redness, or swelling at site where injected
This medicine may interact with:
medicines that may cause a release of neutrophils, such as lithium or steroid medications like prednisone or cortisone
It is important not to miss your dose. Call your doctor or health care professional if you miss a dose.
Keep out of the reach of children.
Store in a refrigerator between 2 and 8 degrees C (36 and 46 degrees F). Do not freeze. Throw away any unused medicine after 20 days.
They need to know if you have any of these conditions:
lung or breathing disease, like asthma
an unusual or allergic reaction to sargramostim, yeast products, benzyl alcohol, other medicines, foods, dyes, or preservatives
pregnant or trying to get pregnant
Tell your health care professional if your symptoms do not start to get better or if they get worse.
You may need blood work done while you are taking this medicine.
Do not breast-feed an infant while taking this medicine or for 2 weeks after stopping it.